Diane Wolfthal, who joined the faculty of Rice University in 2008, has authored four books: The Beginnings of Netherlandish Canvas Painting: 1400-1530 (Cambridge University Press, 1989), Images of Rape: The "Heroic" Tradition and its Alternatives (Cambridge University Press, 1999; paperback, 2000), Picturing Yiddish: Gender, Identity, and Memory in Illustrated Yiddish Books of Renaissance Italy (Brill, 2004), and In and Out of the Marital Bed: Seeing Sex in Late Medieval and Early Modern Art (Yale University Press, 2011), which examines the intersection of sexuality and gendered spatial topography and the links between images of licit and illicit sexuality. She has co-authored two books, one on princes and paupers in the work of Jacques Callot, the 17th century printmaker, the other on 15th century Flemish paintings in Los Angeles museums. She has also edited or co-edited four collections of essays: on the family, peace and negotiation, the rise of the monetary economy and its affect on European culture, and a Festschrift for Colin Eisler.
Her current projects show the range of her interests. Her article “Complicating Medieval Anti-Semitism: The Role of Class in Two Tales of Christian Attacks on Innocent Jews," appeared in the Spring 2016 issue of Gesta. “Weave Match and its Implications: The Case of Dirk Bouts," co-authored with Don Johnson and Catherine Metzger was published in Workshop Practice in Early Netherlandish Painting: Case Studies from Van Eyck through Gossart (2017). Her article “Art History and Huizinga’s Autumn of the Middle Ages,” will appear in The Autumn of the Middle Ages Revisited: The Legacy of Huizinga's Masterwork, ed. by Peter Arnade and Martha Howell (Amsterdam University Press). Another essay, "When Did Servants become Men?" will appear in Rivalrous Masculinities (University of Notre Dame Press). "Foregrounding the Background: Dutch and Flemish Images of Household Servants" will be published in Concerning Early Modern Women of the Low Countries. "Old Maids: Images of Elderly Household Help," will appear in Old Women, Witches and Old Wives: An Anthology Across Cultures. Her article "Scribe and Owner as Artist in a Sixteenth-Century Yiddish Miscellany" will be published in Images 11 (2018). And an essay titled “From Venus to Witches: The Female Nude in Northern Europe,” and seven catalogue entries will appear in The Nude in Europe during the Renaissance, 1400-1530, a J. Paul Getty Museum exhibition catalogue).